Documenting research paper
Primary sources may be in their original form or digitized, or reprinted or reproduced in some form. They are first-hand accounts of an event or period in history, or original documents. Primary sources include:. Secondary sources are written about primary sources and are one or more steps away from the original source. They include discussions, comments and interpretations regarding the primary source or original material. Examples of secondary source materials are as follows:. Usually published as an article in a medical or professional publication, such as a journal, a peer-reviewed source undergoes multiple critiques by top scholars in a particular field.
Peer-reviewed articles offer authoritative information of the highest quality that scholarly disciplines can provide. Peer-reviewed and scholarly articles have these characteristics:. Cite your sources both in-text and at the end of your paper. For in-text citation, the easiest method is to parenthetically give the author's last name and the year of publication, e.
When you cite data from another author's work, explain all related aspects of the work clearly and concisely using your own words. Always provide a reference to the work directly following the information you have provided. Most colleges and organizations use a variety of citation styles. The citation style often depends on the professor, so always check before beginning a paper. No matter what the style you use for citing your paper, the process is always the same:. The American Psychology Association — Use this style for education, psychology, sociology and other social sciences.
How to document references in the written paper for papers written as academic assignents
American Medical Association or the National Library of Medicine for health, medicine and biological sciences. Students and researchers commonly use the Chicago Manual of Style guide, or Turabian, for most real-world subjects in magazines, books, newspapers and many other non-scholarly publications. There are a variety of scientific style guides depending on the particular field, whether it be biology, chemistry, engineering.
When using a citation program, always check for errors before inserting them into your reference or works cited page. The reference page is also called the annotated bibliography , and it should go at the end of the research paper. The purpose of annotated bibliographies is to link each source to one another in an orderly fashion.
hartweenbellfinri.ml Adding citations may seem difficult at first; however, the more you practice, the easier it will become for you. It is your responsibility to do due diligence and document as much as possible about the image you are using:.
8. Taking Notes & Documenting Sources
The Chicago Manual of Style online can be searched for norms on appropriate ways to caption illustrations, capitalize titles of visual works, or cite print materials that contain images. Best practice is to not include images within a bibliography of works cited. It is common, instead, to create a separate list of images or figures and their source, such as photographer even if it's you or collection. The image below is scanned from a published book.
Image from James Young, ed. If you need to use this image in a published work, you will have to seek permission.
The image below was found through Google Images and downloaded from the internet. If you want to use this image in a published work, you will have to do your best to track down its source to request permission to use.
The web site or social media site where you found the image may not be an appropriate source, since it is common for people to repost images without attribution. Just because "everyone does it" does not mean that you should be using such materials without attribution or documentation.
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In this specific example, you may need to write to the photographer or to the architecture firm. If you have done due diligence and were unable to find the source, or have not received a response, you may be able to use an image found on the internet with appropriate documentation in a publication.
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The image below was downloaded from a digitized historic collection of photographs held by an institutional archive.