Apa annotated bibliography template owl

An annotated bibliography is a list of citations for various books, articles, and other sources on a topic. The annotated bibliography looks like a Reference page but includes an annotation after each source cited. Annotated bibliographies can be part of a larger research project, or can be a stand-alone report in itself. A summary annotation describes the source by answering the following questions: who wrote the document, what the document discusses, when and where was the document written, why was the document produced, and how was it provided to the public.

The focus is on description.

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An evaluative annotation includes a summary as listed above but also critically assesses the work for accuracy, relevance, and quality. Evaluative annotations can help you learn about your topic, develop a thesis statement, decide if a specific source will be useful for your assignment, and determine if there is enough valid information available to complete your project.


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The focus is on description and evaluation. His comparison of Canadian child poverty rates to those in other countries provides a useful wake-up to anyone assuming Canadian society is doing a good job of protecting children from want.

What is an Annotated Bibliography?

He pays particular attention to the National Child Benefit NCB , arguing that it did not deserve the criticism it received from politicians and journalists. However, Battle relies too heavily on his own work; he is the sole or primary author of almost half the sources in his bibliography.

He could make this work stronger by drawing from the perspectives of others' analyses. However, Battle does offer a valuable source for this essay, because the chapter provides a concise overview of government-funded assistance currently available to parents. This offers context for analyzing the scope and financial reality of child poverty in Canada.

APA example paper

Kerr, D. Child poverty and family structure in Canada, Journal of Comparative Family Studies , 34 3 , Sociology professors Kerr and Beaujot analyze the demographics of impoverished families. They analyze child poverty rates in light of these demographic factors, as well as larger.

Annotated Bibliographies

The Memorial University of Newfoundland presents these examples of both descriptive and critical annotations. Toggle navigation.


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Search this Guide Search. Briefly examine and review the actual items. Then choose those works that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic. Write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the book or article.

Annotated Bibliographies

Include one or more sentences that a evaluate the authority or background of the author, b comment on the intended audience, c compare or contrast this work with another you have cited, or d explain how this work illuminates your bibliography topic. For guidance in critically appraising and analyzing the sources for your bibliography, see How to Critically Analyze Information Sources. For information on the author's background and views, ask at the reference desk for help finding appropriate biographical reference materials and book review sources.

Check with your instructor to find out which style is preferred for your class. Waite, L. Nonfamily living and the erosion of traditional family orientations among young adults. American Sociological Review, 51 ,